Pancreatic Cancer and Its Treatments

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Cancer and Its Treatments

Pancreas is an organ situated in the left side of your body. It is a part of digestive system and secretes digestive juices to digest the food you eat. It also releases hormones like insulin and glucagon to maintain your blood sugar level and also metabolism of the carbohydrates you eat.

Pancreatic cancer occurs when pancreatic cells and acini develop mutations in their cellular genetic material. Such mutations cause pancreatic cells to grow nonstop and to continue their life cycle long after the time to die. So the life cycle of these cells is disrupted. These cells mount up to form a tumor. A pancreatic cancer when left untreated grows larger and then spreads to nearby parts of the body by metastasis.  Pancreatic cancer is the 11th commonest cancer in women in the world and the 12th most common cancer of men in the world.

 It is the type of cancer which doesn’t show any noticeable symptom until the cancer is in its advanced stage. Symptoms may include abdominal pain that radiates to the back, newly-onset diabetes, blood clots in portal blood vessels, too much fatigue, and weight loss without trying, diarrhea, vomiting, fats in the feces and jaundice.

Make sure to get a checkup if you are above 50 years of age and experience sudden weight loss or if you feel an abdominal pain spreading to back, persistent fatigue, jaundice, diarrhea or other signs of pancreatic cancer. The risk factor for pancreatic cancer include pancreatitis, Obesity or being overweight, older age (65 years), a family history of genetic diseases that can increase cancer risk like BRCA2 gene mutation, and also  family history of pancreatic cancer. Studies showed that the main cause of this type of cancer includes smoking and obesity (poor diet).

There are simple ways of prevention of this cancer, which although doesn’t guarantee you but it does reduce the chances of pancreatic cancer. These are avoiding smoking and smokers, consumption of a healthy diet and decreasing eating red meat and processed meat.

Usually pancreatic cancer is common is older patients and a general health is required for surgery, so only one-fifth cases (especially new) are operated on to remove the cancer. PanNET is a technique to observe the growth and spread of cancer. Chemotherapy is used after the surgery to cure the person of cancer or sometimes for a person to improve the quality of life in whose case the surgery is not possible.

Palliative care focuses on treating the symptoms instead of the cancer itself. This is usually done when cancer has reached the advanced stage and is inoperable. It is usually the last option, and is not a curing treatment. It cures the pain, nausea and blockages by using opioids, drugs and obstructive surgery respectively. So during locating the best pancreatic cancer treatment in India you must take care that all these ways of treatments are available in the hospital. Along with it keep in mind the accessibility, fees of the hospital, hygiene factors and also the background history of hospital.

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